Assess whether regional security regimes reflect a realist or liberal paradigm.
In the early years of the 21st century it is said that the nation is no longer as important was it once was and/or the nation no longer exists. This isn’t farther from the case; the nation-state still exists and is still important to the functioning of the international community. Looking at international relations the fact that nation-states function at a level to assist each other does not mean that at times the nation is not on its own. One of these places is in security.” Are Security Regimes Possible? Historical Cases and Modern Issues Charles Lipson There are two basic and opposing views about how states should provide security for themselves. Per the dominant realist view, states should arm themselves to deter wars if possible and to fight them if necessary. They should supplement their own strength through military alliances, while recognizing that allies are necessarily impermanent because of shifting state interests. At the other extreme, idealists have argued that recurrent warfare underscores the bankruptcy of traditional diplomacy, which is premised on national self-help. Their grandest aspiration is to transcend balance-of-power politics, based on alliances, and to forge a comprehensive system of peace, based on collective security. Collective security, in this sense, is a universal alliance in which all states pledge to support any prospective victim of aggression.” (Inbar, 2017) As a realist I believe that every nation needs the ability to protect and defend its’s own citizens, states that do not or did not are known as failed states and no longer have the ability to protect its society from military dangers. For example, Mexico and the rise of the Drug Cartels.
Security regimes are not only important and effective in other areas of the world. They are also important in the Middle East “Cooperative security is the only possible basis for progress now towards a broader
regional security regime for the Middle East.
• As used in this report, the term ‘cooperative security’ means an approach to security
which stresses largely informal cooperation and dialogue between the states of the region
in the development and implementation of a set of agreed regional principles of conduct.
• Specific bilateral and sub regional arrangements may be based on coordinated or even
collective security, but they should not be in competition with the broader cooperative
regional regime.” (Towards a Regional Security Regime for the Middle East, 2011, p. 6)
The middle east is a difficult area to discuss because there are so many issues both security, economic, and social. When it comes down to it, several nations in the Middle East can be considered failed states (Iraq and Afghanistan are just two examples) to bring stability to that region each nation needs to be willing to protect and defend other nations in the region.
From my point of view, I take the realist point of view, in realism the nation-state is of primary importance throughout history (since the fall of the Ottoman Empire). Therefore, everything that can be done should be done to protect the continued existence of the nation-state.
P.S. I hope my books are in next week.
Inbar, E. (2017). Project MUSE - regional security regimes. Retrieved January 6, 2017, from https://muse.jhu.edu/chapter/272837
Towards a Regional Security Regime for the Middle East (2011). . Solna, Sweden: SIPRI.
Inbar, E. (2017). Project MUSE - regional security regimes. Retrieved January 6, 2017, from https://muse.jhu.edu/chapter/272837Towards a Regional Security Regime for the Middle East (2011). . Solna, Sweden: SIPRI